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Pavement Management Plan​

City workers fixing a road with slurry seal

The Transportation Department (Department) has developed a Pavement Management Plan (PMP) to summarize the current City-wide street condition and to identify strategic investment needs that will ensure the network is efficiently maintained. It is the first plan of its kind for the City, as the Department aims to proactively identify funding needs to provide a reliable transportation network for the community. The Pavement Management Plan relies on the most recent pavement condition assessment (2023) conducted by the Department to create a comprehensive, data-driven strategy that answers key pavement management questions. The Pavement Management Plan Report outlines the Department’s functions and processes related to pavement management, historic and recent pavement condition assessment information, funding history, needs, and scenarios for achieving a goal of PCI 70, and implementation considerations including a 5-Year Plan identifying streets targeted for improvement. The 5-Year Plan is intended to inform the public and stakeholders on the specific streets and associated repair activities that will be conducted citywide if funding is identified. The 5-Year Plan  is available on the City’s website at​

Who is Responsible for Pavement Management within the City? 

There are over 100 staff within the Transportation Department that are dedicated to maintaining and improving the City’s pavement condition, comprised of nine in-house teams that perform pothole repair, mill and pave, trench restoration, and planning, design, and construction oversight of paving projects. The Transportation Department is the lead department within the City for planning and implementing pavement management projects, but the Department coordinates closely with other City Department's including Engineering & Capital Projects, Sustainability and Mobility, Stormwater, Public Utilities, and Development Services Departments to provide a functional and viable transportation network throughout the City.

More information on how the City manages pavement can be found in the Executive Summary of the PMP report.

Graphic depicting the relationship between the Transportation Department and the Stormwater, Public Utilities, Engineering and Capital Projects, Sustainability and Mobility, and Development Services Departments.Full image description: The Transportation Department is responsible for a multitude of transportation related services and requires coordination with various departments. This figure shows the relationship between the Transportation Department and the Stormwater, Public Utilities, Engineering and Capital Projects, Sustainability and Mobility, and Development Services Departments. Transportation is responsible for planning, operations, and maintenance of all within the right of way. Stormwater is responsible for planning, operation, and maintenance of stormwater systems. Public Utilities is responsible for planning, operation, and maintenance of water, sewer, and utilities. Engineering and Capital Projects is responsible for design and construction of large capital projects. Sustainability and Mobility is responsible for master planning of sidewalks, crosswalks, and bike lanes. Development Services is responsible for permitting for streets, sidewalks, crosswalks, and bike lanes.​

What is the City's Current Pavement Condition Index?

The Pavement Condition Index (PCI) is the most widely used method for assessing and reporting street pavement conditions. The PCI scoring scale ranges from zero (worst) to 100 (best) and provides a common language for pavement practitioners to describe and communicate pavement conditions. PCI scores are used to help the City choose the appropriate maintenance and repair treatment types for each street. ​

In 2023 the City conducted a pavement condition assessment and determined the average street network PCI is 63, which is within the Fair category. This is a decrease since the 2016 assessment, which determined the PCI was 71. Moving forward, it is the City's goal to be at a PCI of 70 or above. The Pavement Management Plan provides a strategy to meet this goal.

More information on the City's PCI can be found in Chapter 2 of the PMP report.

Two photo examples of a street with a PCI of 63Full image description: The City uses a Pavement Condition Index (PCI) scale to score pavement conditions. Figure X shows two photo examples of a street with a PCI of 63 which falls within the Fair category of the scale. Additionally, the scale shows the average City street network PCI was 72 in 2016 while it was 63 in 2023.

How does the City maintain and rehabilitate streets?

To address signs of distress and extend the pavement's lifespan, a systematic approach to street maintenance is crucial. The specific treatment to apply to a given street segment depends on the PCI (Figure C). As a street's PCI deteriorates, more expensive treatments are required to improve the pavement condition, emphasizing the need maintain an average network PCI of 70 or greater and reduce the costs to improve the network. The City uses a variety of treatment types on the street network, ranging from proactive management of minor cracks and damage through crack seals and surface seals, to more expensive rehabilitation treatments such as asphalt overlay, through complete reconstruction, which is the most expensive treatment.

​For more information about maintenance and rehabilitation activities that are performed by in-house Department crews and contractors, please see the PMP report.

Examples of street conditions and rehabilitation types according to PCI levelThere are several pavement repair and rehabilitation types that the Transportation Department uses including crack seal, slurry seal, cape seal, pothole repair, asphalt overlay, and reconstruction. Treatment costs increase according to the severity of street damage. Repair types such as crack seal are typically used to repair small cracks for streets that fall within the Good or Satisfactory categories while reconstruction is required for streets that fall within the Serious and Failed categories.

Pavement Management Funding Needs

A financial analysis was conducted using multiple street selection approaches to assess cost-effective and operationally viable options to achieve an average PCI 70. Department analyses determined that to maintain an average street network PCI of 70, a total investment of $1.9 billion is needed over the next 10 years. Dedicated and consistent annual year-over-year investments are needed to improve and preserve San Diego's street assets and reduce long-term costs. With the Department’s current projected funding, the City’s average network PCI would drop to a PCI of 45 which falls within the Poor category (see chart below). This emphasizes the need for increased investments to improve the City’s pavement condition.

More information on the Transportation Department's funding needs can be found in Chapter 3 of the PMP report.

column chart to compare the average annual funding required over a 10-year period

Full image description: Current Department funding projections are not sufficient to improve the average City street network's PCI. Figure D uses a column chart to compare the average annual funding required over a 10-year period and the resulting PCI for both the Best Value Approach PCI 70 10-Year Implementation Scenario and the Current Projected Funding Scenario. Using the current funding, the PCI would decrease to a PCI of 45 over the next 10 years despite investing $646 million total. If the Best Value Approach PCI 70 10-Year Implementation Scenario is applied, a total of $1.9 billion total would be required but would increase the PCI to 70 in just 8 years.​

In House Paving Assessment​

As part of the Department’s effort to evolve and optimize pavement maintenance and rehabilitation projects, a cost and feasibility assessment was done to evaluate the potential benefits of performing paving projects in-house utilizing City equipment and personnel. It was determined that the City would benefit from performing more mill and pave work in house, and it is recommended that the Department add two additional mill and pave crews to perform more overlay work in house.

More information on the costs to perform more paving in house can be found in Appendix B of the PMP report.

City workers fixing a road with asphalt overlay
City workers sealing cracks on the road

5 Year Paving Plan

The Department has prepared a 5-Year Plan that shows what streets would be paved in the next five fiscal years if the Department were to receive the funding requested in the  Pavement Management Plan. The 5-Year Plan is displayed on the Streets SD website. The street segments in the 5-Year Plan will be updated annually as funding amount become known. The 5-Year  Plan is subject to change based on secured funding amounts and conflict checking with other projects.

City workers sealing cracks on the road

​Resources Available to Residents

Graphic of mobile phone with Street SD displayed

The Department is committed to ensuring transparency and accessibility of information for residents regarding the City's street infrastructure. To provide real-time insights, the Department has established a user-friendly website,, where residents can access detailed information about the current condition of each road segment in the City. This online platform also features updates on ongoing and planned maintenance and rehabilitation projects, empowering residents to stay informed about the City's efforts to enhance road quality. Additionally, residents can provide feedback on street paving needs through Residents can quickly and efficiently report potholes directly through the Get It Done application and also view current street conditions in their Council District by going to Appendix A of this Pavement Management Plan. To further address infrastructure needs, the Department has proactively sought additional funding by submitting budget requests to City Council, with the aim of expanding investments to align with this Pavement Management Plan and to achieve an average network PCI of 70.