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The Rebellious Miss Breed banner
 

About the Project

This fall, the San Diego Public Library will be reflecting on Japanese American experiences during World War II and after the war by exploring themes of social justice, activism, and the power of the written word. From September through December, the library will be hosting a series of programs and events to raise awareness and encourage discussion of historical and contemporary issues faced by marginalized voices, especially within the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community.
 
As Japanese immigration to the United States started to increase in the late 19th century, Japanese Americans became targets of hostile discrimination. And as anti-Japanese sentiments gained momentum in the western United States, federal and state legislation prohibited Japanese and other Asian immigrants from experiencing social rights and becoming U.S. citizens.  As hostilities toward the AAPI community continued to increase in the years leading up to WWII, the U.S. government conducted extensive surveillance of Japanese communities, ultimately producing “custodial detention lists” that were used to incarcerate “enemy aliens” following the attack on Pearl Harbor. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942, which authorized the mass, forced relocation and incarceration of Japanese Americans in concentration camps known as “assembly centers.”
 
The Rebellious Miss Breed also underscores the remarkable activism of Clara Breed, a San Diego Public Librarian, as she advocated on behalf of Japanese American children during and after wartime. The young library patrons, who were incarcerated in “internment camps” throughout the United States—exchanged letters, packages, and books with Miss Breed. These exchanges provided significant lifelines and consolation for the several thousand San Diego residents of Japanese descent who were incarcerated across the United States.
 
 

Upcoming Events

Oct 2111am - 12pm
Oct 224pm - 4:30pm

Kamishibai Storytime

Pre-readers (3-6), Elementary (7-8)

Oct 2311am - 12pm

Meet Author Cynthia Grady

Elementary (7-8), Middle Grades (9-12)

A note about terminology: The San Diego Public Library is using terminology recommended by Densho, a nonprofit dedicated to preserving and sharing the history of the WWII incarceration of Japanese Americans, in order to use words that more accurately represent history. To learn more, visit Densho at https://densho.org/terminology/
 
 

Events

Photo of Oppenheim and Cover of Dear Miss Breed Book
Monday, October 18th, 2021 from 6:30 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.
Virtual Event | Register here
 
Author Joanne Oppenheim joins us virtually to discuss her book, Dear Miss Breed: True Stories of the Japanese American Incarceration during World War II and a Librarian Who Made a Difference. The discussion will be moderated by Zoe Ghahremani, author of the 2012 One Book, One San Diego selection Sky of Red Poppies. Afterwards there will be a live audience Q&A.

Photo of Linda Salem and Japanese Children's book cover
Wednesday, October 20th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library - Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor
 
Speaker: Linda Salem, Librarian & Curator of Children's Collections, SDSU
 
Join San Diego State University librarian Linda Salem for an informative presentation on pioneering Japanese children’s picture book author and illustrator Takeo Takei. Few of Takei’s children’s works are in translation, with little published about him and his work outside of the Japanese language. This presentation will include an introduction to Takei’s wonderful work, a history of Japanese illustration, and his connection to well known San Diego children's librarian Clara Breed who collected his work. This will be a unique opportunity and a rare and special treat for all attendees.

Photo of Cynthia Grady and Write to Me book Cover
Saturday, October 23rd, 2021 @ 11:00 a.m.
Virtual Event | Register here
 

Cynthia Grady will share her picture book Write to Me: Letters from Japanese American Children to the Librarian They Left Behind and introduce Clara Breed to a younger audience.

 

Passion For Justice film poster
Right to Resist: From 9066 to 2021 Film Series
Monday, October 25th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Neil Morgan Auditorium, 1st floor
 
Click  PDF icon here for the full list of films in this series.
 
Yuri Kochiyama lived in Harlem for more than 40 years and had a long history of militant activism. As a young woman, she was imprisoned at the Jerome, Arkansas incarceration camp. This film chronicles her remarkable contribution to social change through the Black Liberation movement, the struggle for Puerto Rican independence, and the Japanese American Redress movement. In an era of divided communities and racial conflict, her life offers an outstanding example of an equitable and compassionate multi-culturalist vision. (preceded by the short Speaking Out in which Japanese American incarcerees refuse to be silenced.at 1981 government hearings)

Photo of barrack installation
Wednesday, October 27th, 2021 from from 6:30 p.m. - 8:00 p.m
San Diego Central Library- Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor
Please register here.
 
Join journalist and adjunct college professor Rebecca Romani for an informative presentation on the Italian American Internment during World War II. During the war, the U.S. government saw Italian Americans as a threat to homeland security. Executive Order 9066 not only forced Japanese Americans from their homes into concentration camps, it also put immigrants from Italy under the watchful eye of the government.

 
Film poster of Manzanar Diverted
Right to Resist: From 9066 to 2021 Film Series
Tuesday, November 2nd, 2021 @ 5:45 p.m.
UltraStar Cinemas Mission Valley
 
Click  PDF icon here for the full list of films in this series.
 
This film depicts a fresh interpretation of the Japanese American concentration camp by examining the political history and environmental justice issues behind it — the takeover of Native lands by white settlers and the struggle for water and power. It expands the story of Manzanar to reveal how water is at the heart of the experiences of Japanese Americans, Native Americans, farmers and ranchers, who confronted the U.S. Army and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power for control of the land. Co-presented with the 2021 San Diego Asian Film Festival. Filmmaker Ann Kaneko will be at the screening.
 

Event flyer with headshot of Susan H. Kamei
Saturday, November 6th, 2021 @ 4:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Courtyard, 1st floor
 

Join The Library Shop & The San Diego Public Library Foundation in the Central Library’s courtyard for a socially distant in-person author event in support of the Library’s ongoing Rebellious Miss Breed program featuring author Susan H. Kamei. In this dramatic and page-turning narrative history of Japanese Americans before, during, and after their World War II incarceration, Susan H. Kamei weaves the voices of over 130 individuals who lived through this tragic episode. After the presentation there will be a book signing and Q&A.

 

 
Photo of Father and son film makers Nakamura
Right to Resist: From 9066 to 2021 Film Series
Monday, November 8th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Neil Morgan Auditorium, 1st floor
 
Click  PDF icon here for the full list of films in this series.
 
Two great films on the incarceration experience by two groundbreaking father and son filmmakers from different generations. Manzanar captures pioneering director Bob Nakamura’s emotions upon visiting the Manzanar incarceration camp where he spent his childhood. Tadashi Nakamura’s Pilgrimage tells the inspiring story of how an abandoned Manzanar was rediscovered by young Japanese Americans and transformed into a symbol of retrospection and solidarity for people and nationalities in our post 9/11 world. Bob Nakamura’s film was the first documentary film on the concentration camps by a Japanese American filmmaker. He’s often referred to as "the Godfather of Asian American media”.
 

Photo of Bradford Pearson and cover photo of book
Wednesday, November 10th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. 
Virtual Event | Register here
 

Author Bradford Pearson joins the Library Shop and the San Diego Public Library Foundation virtually to discuss his book The Eagles of Heart Mountain: A True Story of Football, Incarceration and Resistance in World War II America.

The discussion will be moderated by Kristen Hayashi, Director of Collections Management & Access and Curator at Japanese American National Museum. Afterwards there will be a live audience Q&A.

 

 
Book cover and headshot of Max and Rose Schindler
Saturday, November 13th, 2021 @ 2:00 - 3:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor
 
Join Holocaust survivor Rose Schindler for a discussion and signing of her book, Two Who Survived, Keeping Hope Alive While Surviving the Holocaust, the compelling Holocaust memoir of Rose and Max Schindler. Chronicling their true story, as children both were plucked from their homes and thrust into concentration camps, stripped of everything and forced to navigate a dangerous and unpredictable world. Despite their exposure to the horrors of the Holocaust, they endured and carried on with a determination that shaped them forever. Rose Schindler’s son Benjamin will appear with her at the event.
 

Headshot of Renee Tajima Pena
Wednesday, November 17th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor
 

Independent filmmaker and UCLA distinguished professor Renee Tajima-Peña delivers the inaugural “Clara Breed Civil Liberties Memorial Lecture” named after heroic former San Diego Public Library director Clara Breed.

Tajima-Peña is a groundbreaking artist whose Academy Award-nominated film Who Killed Vincent Chin? ignited a push for Asian American rights and changed the course of American legal history. She has dedicated her craft to amplifying Asian American and Latino voices and reintegrating their historical perspectives into mainstream media. From third-generation Japanese Americans grappling with cultural identity in My America...or Honk If You Love Buddha to forced sterilizations of Mexican-born women in East Los Angeles in No Mas Bebés, Tajima-Peña has driven our conversations of inclusion past the American black and white binary.

Most recently, Tajima-Peña was the producer and showrunner for the PBS series Asian Americans on the history of identity, contributions, and challenges experienced by Asian Americans. A Guggenheim Fellow, Tajima-Peña is also the director of the Center for EthnoCommunications at UCLA.


 
Kamishibai storytelling
Saturday, November 20th, 2021 @ 2:00 - 3:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Denny Sanford Children's Library, 1st floor
 
Join Write Out Loud for an exciting afternoon of kamishibai performance and discussion. Professional storytellers will discuss the history of kamishibai and perform Ayako’s Story, an original tale set during the WWII Japanese American incarceration about a grade schooler whose life is turned inside out when her country suddenly turns on her. Kamishibai is a Japanese storytelling tradition (kami = paper; shibai = theatre). In kamishibai, a storyteller reveals a series of illustrations as the narrative unfolds. The story-telling combines oral, visual, and print literacies. The stories rely on lively dialogue and highly dramatic situations that engage audiences. This centuries-old magical art has been revived for modern audiences in Japan and in countries around the world including the U.S. and Mexico.
 

 
Film poster of Enemy Alien
Right to Resist: From 9066 to 2021 Film Series
Monday, November 22nd, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor
 
Click  PDF icon here for the full list of films in this series.
 
A Japanese American filmmaker finds echoes of his own family's World War II incarceration in post-9/11 arrests of Muslim immigrants and joins the struggle to free Farouk Abdel-Muhti, a Palestinian-born human rights activist. Unwilling to accept that he was a suspect because of his beliefs, Farouk organized a hunger strike and became a symbol of resistance against Homeland Security’s racialized dragnet targeting brown-skinned Americans.
 

Bundle of mail tied with twine
Monday, November 29th, 2021 @ 6:30 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.
San Diego Central Library- Shiley Special Events Suite, 9th floor 
 

Join a talented team of Palestinian American artists for a delightful evening of culture and stories. Shubbak means “window” in Arabic, but it is also used to show how art and literature can open a window on another culture. Join us as Palestinian American artists throw open a window, reading from the personal narratives, letters, and poems of Palestinian Americans and Palestinians living in Gaza and the West Bank, including the work of Mahmoud Darwish.

 

About Clara Breed

 

Clara Breed (1909-1994)Black and white photo of Clara Breed with stack of books

From the California Library Hall of Fame: Born in Iowa, Clara Breed attended high school and college in Southern California before receiving her MLS from Case Western Reserve. After library school, she was immediately hired by the San Diego Public Library (SDPL), where she spent a total of 42 years, including 25 years as city librarian. During that time, she oversaw the construction of a new central library, added multiple new branches, and launched the Serra Cooperative Library System. She also chaired the Newbery-Caldecott committee in the 1940s, and served as president of the Public Library Association, 1962-63. In 1955, she was named San Diego’s Woman of the Year. Miss Breed is perhaps best known, however, for her personal actions and professional advocacy on behalf of Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. Her 1943 articles in The Horn Book and Library Journal were a call to action for library colleagues to lend whatever resources could be spared to improve incarcerated readers’ access to books and basic education. Breed herself maintained an active correspondence with dozens of Japanese American children, sending them books, personal items, and messages of support and encouragement. Their letters back to her—hundreds of which have been collected and digitized by the Japanese American National Museum—offer a child’s-eye view of the internment experience and are a testament to Breed’s remarkable integrity, public spirit, and devotion to her diverse library community. Clara Breed was inducted into the California Library Hall of Fame in 2014.
 
For more information about her, please see:

Resources

Web Resources: PDF icon News Articles

Web Resources: PDF icon Podcasts

 

Books

 
 
 
 

Exhibitions

 

Black and white photo of Miss Breed lecturingCall to Serve: Clara E. Breed & the Japanese American Incarceration & the WW-II Japanese American Incarceration Camp Replica will be on view from September 18, 2021 to January 30, 2022 at the Central Library’s Art Gallery and Lobby. For information about the exhibitions, please visit On View: Art and Culture Exhibitions.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Youth Programming

 

Caricature of Miss Breed on a stack of letters
Writing is Rebellious Postcard Exchange | Onging- mid September to November 1st
All San Diego Public Library Locations
In Partnership with Fresno County Public Library
 
Clara Breed received letters from incarcerated youth during WWII about their struggles, fears and everyday life in the camps. She sent back books and letters of encouragement and support. Children can pick up a postcard at any San Diego Public Library location to write an encouraging note to children in Fresno, CA. San Diego Public Library and Fresno County Public Library will exchange postcards and each library will create displays of children's supportive words for each other. Please join us on October 23 with Cynthia Grady, author of Write to Me: Letters from Japanese American Children to the Librarian They Left Behind. To register for this virtual event, click here.
 
 
Headshot of Cynthia Grady
Meet Author Cynthia Grady | October 23, 2021, 11-12pm | Virtual Event
 
Cynthia Grady will share her picture book Write to Me: Letters from Japanese American Children to the Librarian They Left Behind and introduce Clara Breed to a younger audience. Children and families are encouraged to share the book together and ask Ms. Grady questions during the author talk. Participants can pick up a postcard and submit it back to the library as part of the Writing is Rebellious Postcard Exchange with the Fresno County Public Library. To register for this event, click here.
 
 
 
 
Kamishibai storytelling
Kamishibai Story Theater | September 25 – November 20 | Multiple library locations
 
Join us for a Japanese storytelling tradition called kamishibai. (kami = paper; shibai = theatre). A storyteller stands behind a little wooden theatre and reveals a series of illustrations as they narrate a story, doing all the characters’ voices and the many sound effects. Twenty-six (26) library locations will host kamishibai story times for all ages. Please PDF icon click here for a full listing of performances.
 
Enjoy also the nine kamishibai video performances posted on The Rebellious Miss Breed webpage (link to video section). Presented by Write Out Loud.

 

The Letters Project

 

Caricature of Miss Breed hugging mailDuring World War II, children incarcerated in internment camps wrote letters to their librarian, Clara Breed. Now the San Diego Public Library wants to read and archive your letters on your experiences during the COVID pandemic or the current times of deep national reflection. We want to hear your thoughts during this unprecedented time. Letters can be addressed to anyone. Type or handwrite a letter, up to 1500 words, and send it to San Diego Public Library for inclusion in an archive.

To submit your letter, drop a handwritten letter off at any San Diego Public Library location or mail your handwritten letter to:

San Diego Public Library
Attn: Jason Rogers
330 Park Blvd.
San Diego, CA 92101
 

Frequently Asked Questions

Who can participate in the project?

Any resident of San Diego County ages 6 or older.

Where will the letters be stored?

Letters will be kept by the San Diego Public Library in a digital archive.

Will the archive be open to the public?

Yes, researchers and the public will be able to view the letters.

Will my personal data be included in the archive?

Data submitted along with the letter, (name, city, and zio code) will not be included in the public archive. Any information included in the text of the letter will be viewable.

Will my handwritten letter be returned to me?

All letters that are submitted will become property of the San Diego Public Library and will not be returned. Please make a copy of your letter before submission if you would like to keep a copy.

What size can handwritten letters be?

Please write your letters on paper no larger than letter-sized (8-1/2 inches  x 11 inches).

When does the project end?

We will stop collecting letters at the end of 2021.

Who should I contact for more information?

Please email Jason Rogers at JFRogers@sandiego.gov or call us at 619-236-5800.


 

 

Right to Resist Film Series: From 9066 to 2021

 

Right to Resist: From 9066 to 2021 Film Series screens on every 2nd and 4th Monday in September through December at the San Diego Central Library. The series is curated by Brian Hu of San Diego Asian Film Festival. Click on the link of each film’s title in the PDF below for more information about the film and its calendar listing. 
 

 

Videos

 

Kamishibai Videos

Kamishibai is a form of Japanese street theater and storytelling tradition (kami = paper; shibai = theatre). A storyteller stands behind a little wooden theatre and reveals a series of illustrations as they narrate a story, doing all the characters’ voices and the many sound effects. Join Write Out Loud for video kamishibai performances including stories steeped in various world storytelling traditions and two original Japanese American incarceration stories about young people forcibly removed from their home and incarcerated by the U.S. government. Also, check out  our kamishibai story times for all ages at twenty-six (26) library locations. Please PDF icon click here for a full listing of performances.
 
The Shoemaker and the Elves by the Brothers Grimm
 
 
 

Ayako's Story Original story based on the Japanese American Incarceration during World War II. Intended for middle school students. (26 minutes 24 seconds)
 
 
 

Bruce's Story Original story based on the Japanese American Incarceration during World War II. Intended for high school and beyond. (52 minutes 14 seconds)
 
 
 

Program Videos

Japanese Americans in SD | Let's Talk San Diego History with Susan Hasegawa
 
 
 

The Japanese American Incarceration was Illegal | Interview with Peter Irons & David Loy
 
 

 
 

 
 

Japanese American Incarceration

A short introduction to the history of the exclusion and incarceration of Japanese Americans during WWII.

Immigration and prewar prejudice

From 1885 to 1924, approximately 200,000 Japanese immigrated to Hawaii and 180,000 Japanese immigrated to the mainland United States. Over time, this first generation (Issei) built a vibrant community, raising families, starting churches, and forming social and business organizations. Their success met with prejudice and an anti-Japanese movement. Discriminatory laws prevented Issei from becoming naturalized United States citizens. They were barred from owning land, marrying whites and sending their children to schools attended by whites. Congress passed the Immigration Act of 1924 barring any further immigration from Japan.

The second generation (Nisei) also faced discrimination. Even though they were born in the U.S., spoke English like other Americans and often did well in school, these U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry faced discrimination in employment, housing, public accommodations (restaurants, stores, hotels, swimming pools, etc.) and social and civic activities.

Arrest of community leaders

On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked U.S. military bases in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. More than 3,500 servicemen were killed or wounded. In the hours following the attack, the FBI arrested over 1,200 Japanese immigrant (Issei) men: businessmen, Buddhist priests, Japanese language teachers, and other community leaders.

More than 5,500 Issei men were eventually picked up and held as potential threats to national security. Most of these men were taken first to Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) detention stations and then to Department of Justice (DOJ) internment camps to undergo hearings. Officially, these internment cases were given individual legal review, but in practice, the majority of issei were imprisoned without evidence that they posed any threat to national security. Internees were not allowed legal representation. Approximately 1,700 were "released" to War Relocation Authority (WRA) incarceration camps after these hearings, but most were transferred to U.S. Army internment camps.

Mass removal of U.S. citizens

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which authorized military commanders to designate military areas from which any person could be excluded. Congress supported the Executive Order by authorizing a prison term and fine for a civilian convicted of violating the military order. General John L. DeWitt, Western Defense Command, then issued over 100 military orders that only applied to civilians of Japanese ancestry living in the West Coast states. Thus, the President and Congress authorized the removal and incarceration of over 110,000 people based solely on race without evidence of wrongdoing, charges or hearings. More than two-thirds of those incarcerated were U.S. citizens.

Ironically, over 150,000 people of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii were not removed or incarcerated. General Delos Emmons, who became commanding general in Hawaii shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, treated the Issei and Nisei as loyal to the United States. Although there were many false stories of Japanese American spies, General Emmons repeatedly rejected anti-Japanese pleas to remove persons of Japanese ancestry from Hawaii. He knew there was no evidence of Japanese American espionage or sabotage. In fact, during World War II, no Japanese American in the U.S., Hawaii or Alaska, citizen or immigrant, was ever convicted of espionage or sabotage.

Dispersal to detention sites throughout the United States

The general public, through books, movies, and school lessons, is most familiar with the ten WRA incarceration camps such as Manzanar. The full extent of the imprisonment, however, included more than fifty-nine other government facilities: temporary "assembly centers," immigration detention stations, federal prisons, and internment camps. Italian and German immigrants, Alaskan natives, Japanese Latin Americans, and Japanese Hawaiians were also sent to live at these sites.

Which detention facility a person entered depended on several factors, including citizenship, perceived level of threat, geography, degree of cooperation or protest, and sheer chance. For the most part, the DOJ and U.S. Army camps interned first-generation (issei) men who were arrested by the FBI, while the WRA camps incarcerated both U.S. citizens and immigrants affected by the exclusion order.

Some leave camps, 'disloyals' transferred to Tule Lake

As early as April 1942, even before incarcerees were transferred from the temporary "assembly centers" to incarceration camps, the WRA recognized that Japanese Americans eventually would have to reenter society. Thus, the WRA enacted a policy of granting short-term or indefinite leave for college or work to Japanese Americans who were U.S. citizens (nisei) and who could find sponsors. Additionally, thousands of nisei men enlisted in the military and served in combat.

To help administer the military draft and work release program, the U.S. Army and the WRA produced "loyalty questionnaires" for all WRA incarcerees seventeen years of age and older. The questionnaires contained two questions that caused confusion and controversy for incarcerees. Despite serious problems with the wording and meaning of the questions, government officials and others generally considered those who answered "no" to these two questions to be "disloyal" to the United States, and they were transferred to the Tule Lake incarceration camp which was designated a segregation camp. "Yes" answers to these questions made incarcerees eligible for service in the U.S. Army, and some became eligible for release and resettlement in areas outside of the West Coast exclusion zones.

Government ends West Coast exclusion

In December 1944 the Supreme Court ruled in the case brought by Mitsuye Endo that a loyal U.S. citizen could not be held in a WRA incarceration camp against her will. While the case was being heard, federal officials recognized that the continuing incarceration was not legally defensible and began preparations to close the incarceration camps. In addition to the closing of the camps, the exclusion orders were rescinded and persons of Japanese ancestry were allowed to return to the West Coast. On March 20, 1946, the last WRA incarceration camp, Tule Lake, was closed. The DOJ internment camps remained open longer. The last internment camp to close was Crystal City in January 1948.

Upon release, the majority of those who had been incarcerated were given only $25 and one-way transportation. The freed Japanese Americans returned to discover many of their homes and farms had been vandalized and their belongings stolen. Even Nisei veterans returning home in their uniforms from combat duty endured racist insults. Starting over was especially hard for the Issei, who were entering their senior years with little to show for a lifetime of work.

Admission of wrongdoing, apology from government

In the late 1960s community activists started a movement to petition the government to look into potential government wrongdoings. Classified information was uncovered that showed the exclusion order and incarceration were based on racism and falsehoods. In February of 1980, Congress passed an act forming the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). This commission conducted hearings in ten cities, heard testimonies from over 750 witnesses, and examined over 10,000 documents. In 1983, the CWRIC issued its report that concluded that military necessity was not the cause of the mass imprisonment. Rather, "...the broad historical causes which shaped these decisions were race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership."

Acting upon the recommendations of the commission, Congress passed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 and President Reagan signed it into law. This law required payment and apology to survivors of the incarceration caused by Executive Order 9066. Two years later, President George Bush presented the first apologies, along with payments of $20,000 each to the oldest survivors.

Source: https://encyclopedia.densho.org/history/

© Densho 2021. The text of this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Where indicated, images and other primary source materials may be subject to use restrictions by their respective rights holders. 


Acknowledgements & Dedication

 

The San Diego Public Library wishes to thank the many partners, scholars, and community members who have contributed to The Rebellious Miss Breed: San Diego Public Library and the Japanese American Incarceration.

 

Dedication to Survivors

 

The Rebellious Miss Breed: San Diego Public Library and the Japanese American Incarceration is dedicated to the people and survivors impacted by Executive Order 9066 and to their families and descendants. We wish to thank all the Japanese Americans featured in the exhibition Call to Serve: Clara E. Breed and the Japanese American Incarceration and in the performances by the School of Creative and Performing Arts and Write Out Loud. Finally, we wish to dedicate this project to Elizabeth Kikuchi Yamada, for her donation of Miss Breed's letters to the Japanese American National Museum, so future generations may be educated of this chapter in U.S. history and prevent such betrayal and injustice from ever happening again. Click here to learn more about Elizabeth Kikuchi Yamada's story.

 

Scholars, Activists, and Authors

 
  • Daniel James Brown, author of Facing the Mountain: A True Story of Japanese American Heroes in World War II
  • Cynthia Grady, author of Write To Me
  • Susan Hasegawa, Professor of History at San Diego City College, and author of Japanese Americans in San Diego
  • Kristen Hayashi, Director of Collections Management & Access and Curator, Japanese American National Museum
  • Brian Hu, Artistic Director of the San Diego Asian Film Festival and SDSU Professor of the School of Theatre, Television, and Film
  • Peter Irons, Legal Scholar & Professor Emeritus, Political Science, UC San Diego
  • Michael Kurima, Co-President of the Japanese American Citizens League, San Diego Chapter
  • David Loy, Legal Director, ACLU of San Diego & Imperial Counties
  • Joanne Oppenheim, author of Dear Miss Breed
  • Linda Salem, Interim Head of Collections, Children's Literature, Comparative Literature, and Education Librarian, Curator, Edward Gorey Personal Library, San Diego State University
  • Bradford Pearson, author of The Eagles of Heart Mountain: A True Story of Football, Incarceration, and Resistance in World War II America
  • Ted Shigematsu, author of The Cracks in the Life of Mike Anami
  • Renee Tajima-Peña, Oscar-nominated independent filmmaker and distinguished UCLA Professor of Asian American Studies, Director of the Center for EthnoCommunications and holder of the Alumni and Friends of Japanese American Ancestry Endowed Chair

 

Community Partners

  • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) San Diego
  • Friends of the San Diego Central Library
  • Fresno County Public Library
  • Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), San Diego Chapter
  • Japanese American Historical Society of San Diego
  • Japanese American National Museum
  • Pacific Arts Movement
  • San Diego Public Library Foundation
  • San Diego State University
  • School of Creative and Performing Arts (SCPA)
  • Write Out Loud

Miss Breed Partner Logos