What is a patent?
A patent is an intellectual property
right granted by the Government of the United States of America to an inventor “to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the United States or importing the invention into the United States” for a limited time in exchange for public disclosure of the invention when the patent is granted.
This right was established over 200 years ago in Article 1, Section 8 of the United States Constitution: “To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”
How to Get Started
The below listed and downloadable documents will help get you started on your patent research process.
PubEAST at SDPL
As a Patent and Trademark Resource Center, the Central Library provides access to the Public Examiner's Automated Search Tool (PubEAST), a powerful database that allows for sophisticated search queries, simultaneous searching of the USPTO, EPO abstracts, and JPO abstracts. Whereas PatFT, the search engine on the USPTO's website, is only keyword searchable back to 1976, PubEAST's OCR backfile allows keyword searching between 1920 and 1975. PubEAST also allows users to download patent data in spreadsheet format and to save search query histories.
There is no access to PubEAST at this time. Please explore the websites under U.S. Patent Search Tools for publicly available databases.
- United States Patent & Trademark Office - Learn about the patent application process. Search for patents and published patent applications. File your own patent application.
- USPTO Webinars - Free live webinars offered by the USPTO's Silicon Valley Regional Office.
- Conociendo sobre la Propiedad Intelectual - En el presente site podrá encontrar información relevante sobre todos los aspectos de la propiedad intelectual. Para mayor información u orientación, favor visitar o hacer cita en el Centro de Recursos de Patentes y Marcas de la Biblioteca General del Recinto Univresitario de Mayagüez de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.
- European Patent Office - The official website of the European Patent Office (EPO). Find information on applying and searching for patents, legal issues on patents, patent grants, rules and regulations about European and international patent applications.
- WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization - WIPO is responsible for the promotion of the protection of intellectual property throughout the world through co-operation among States and for the administration of various multilateral treaties dealing with the legal and administrative aspects of intellectual property.
- Japan Patent Office - Learn about intellectual property in Japan.
U.S. Patent Search Tools
- PatFT - Keyword search patents back to 1976, or search all patents by classification or patent number.
- AppFT - Search patent applications published since 2001.
- PAIR - Patent Application Information Retrieval - Get information about a patent application's status.
- Patent Assignment Search - Search for Patent Assignment information beginning August 1980.
- Official Gazette for Patents - The Official Gazette for Patents allows you to see patents issued each week and is available online for the past year. You can browse by classification or type of patent.
Foreign Patent Search Tools
What Is a Trademark or Servicemark?
A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others.
A service mark is the same as a trademark, except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product. Throughout this guide, the terms "trademark" and "mark" refer to both trademarks and service marks.
How to Get Started
The downloadable documents below will help get you learn more about trademarks and the trademark search process.
Videos about Trademarks
- Introduction to the USPTO and Trademark Basics
- Before You File
- Applicant Information
- Drawing Issues
Trademark Search Tools
A trademark can be claimed with the letters TM written in superscript: TM
A service mark can be claimed with the letters SM written in superscript: SM
A trademark or service mark that has been registered with the USPTO is signified by the letter R with a circle around it: ®
What is Copyright?
Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.
Original works of authorship include literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.
Copyright Search Tools
The copyright symbol for works other than sound recordings is the letter C with a circle around it: ©
The copyright symbol for sound recordings is the letter P with a circle around it: ℗
Small Business Resources
Provides local resource guide, workshops, mentoring, lending, contracting assistance
San Diego District Office
550 West C St., Suite 550, San Diego, CA 92101
Phone: 619-557-7250 or 619-727-4883
Provides free and low cost consulting and workshops.
South San Diego SBDC
880 National City Blvd., National City, CA 91950
Phone: (619) 482-6391
Provides free workshops, consulting, and networking.
5998 Alcala Park, San Diego, CA 92110
Phone: (619) 260-4547
Provides free mentoring, webinars, networking events, low-cost workshops.
8825 Aero Dr., Suite 101, San Diego, CA 92123
Provides free business accelerator program for low to moderate income entrepreneurs and diverse founders, mentorship, and co-working space.
404 Euclid Ave., San Diego, CA 92114
Provides lending, mentoring, academy, and webinars.
404 Euclid Ave., Suite 271, San Diego, CA 92114
Provides free legal assistance in preparing and filing a patent application to financially under-resourced inventors and entrepreneurs.
Supervised law school students provide free legal assistance to eligible clients.
Find entire NOLO books and forms on patents, trademarks, trade secrets, copyright, and creative arts & music. Follow the instructions to login.
Provides legal services to low-income entrepreneurs and eligible microbusinesses and nonprofit organizations.
707 Broadway, Suite 1400, San Diego, CA 92101
What is a business name?
Before you can register your business name, it is important to determine your business entity or structure. A business entity is an ownership structure that impacts how the business is taxed, financed, owned, managed, run, and also protected by insurance. The California Secretary of State recommends that you consult a private attorney and tax accountant for guidance on determining the best entity type for your situation. A business entity can be formed in California by registering the entity through the Secretary of State.
For more information, visit the California Secretary of State website
What is a fictitious business name?
If you plan to sell your products or services under a name that is not your official registered business name, you must file a Fictitious Business Name Statement with the Recorder/County Clerk within 40 days of your first transacting business.
For more information, visit the San Diego Assessor/Recorder/County Clerk website
What is a domain name?
A domain name is the web address or URL where users can access a specific website. You can select an accredited domain registrar through the Internet's Network Information Center (InterNIC)’s Accredited Registrar Directory.
For more information, visit the InterNIC website